Abstract Objective To determine a superior surgical treatment for anal fistula through a network meta-analysis and to provide the best direction for development in this field. Methods We conducted a systematic literature search of the PubMed, Embase and Cochrane Library databases and extracted data from randomized controlled trials, which compared healing time, incontinence and recurrence associated with surgical strategies for anal fistula. Cumulative probability values were utilized to rank the strategies under examination. Inconsistencies were also tested using node-splitting models. Results Twenty articles with patients were included.
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Treatment is usually necessary to reduce the chances of infection in an anal fistula, as well to alleviate symptoms. An anal fistula is defined as a small tunnel with an internal opening in the anal canal and an external opening in the skin near the anus. Anal fistulas form when an anal abscess, that's drained, doesn't heal completely.
An anal abscess is an infected cavity filled with pus found near the anus or rectum. Ninety percent of abscesses are the result of an acute infection in the internal glands of the anus. Occasionally, bacteria, fecal material or foreign matter can clog an anal gland and tunnel into the tissue around the anus or rectum, where it may then collect in a cavity called an abscess.
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There are several different procedures. In many cases, it's not necessary to stay in hospital overnight afterwards. The main options are outlined here. Fistulotomy The most common type of surgery for anal fistulas is a fistulotomy.
Anal fistula care at Mayo Clinic Your Mayo Clinic care team Mayo Clinic doctors trained in colon and rectal surgery, gastroenterology, and infectious disease, as well as wound care experts, work together to evaluate and treat people with anal fistula. If you have Crohn's disease or another medical condition, Mayo Clinic specialists will collaborate with your primary care doctor to form the best treatment plan. Having all this expertise in a single place means that your care is discussed among the team, test results are available quickly, appointments are scheduled in coordination and the most highly specialized experts in the world are all working together for your health.